How Do You Control Bacteria?

What causes bacterial growth?

Moisture – Bacteria need moisture in order to grow.

This is why they grow on foods with high moisture content such as chicken.

Foods that are dehydrated or freeze-dried can be stored for much longer as the moisture has been removed.

Food – Food provides energy and nutrients for bacteria to grow..

What are the 5 factors that influence microbial growth?

Factors That Affect the Growth of MicroorganismsNutrients. All microorganisms need food. … Temperature. In general, the higher the temperature, the more easily microorganisms can grow up to a certain point. … pH Levels. … Moisture. … Elements Present.Apr 24, 2018

What chemicals can kill microorganisms?

Chemical DisinfectantsAlcohol.Chlorine and chlorine compounds.Formaldehyde.Glutaraldehyde.Hydrogen peroxide.Iodophors.Ortho-phthalaldehyde (OPA)Peracetic acid.More items…

What kills germs in your body?

White blood cells: Serving as an army against harmful bacteria and viruses, white blood cells search for and attack and destroy germs to keep you healthy. White blood cells are the key part of the immune system. There are many white blood cell types in the immune system.

What are the agents that kill bacteria called?

An antimicrobial agent is defined as a natural or synthetic substance that kills or inhibits the growth of microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi and algae.

What are the three ways to control microbial growth?

For thousands of years, humans have used various physical methods of microbial control for food preservation. Common control methods include the application of high temperatures, radiation, filtration, and desiccation (drying), among others.

What are the four main growth requirements for bacteria?

There are four things that can impact the growth of bacteria. These are: temperatures, moisture, oxygen, and a particular pH.

How do phenols kill bacteria?

A type of antimicrobial agent used as a disinfectant, called a phenol, uses a similar process to kill off bacteria on inanimate objects through the inactivation of their enzyme systems. … Well, our phenols cause the cells whose enzymes they pop off to crash, burn and die as well.

How can you control the growth of bacteria in food?

Careful monitoring of temperature is the best way for a food retail manager to prevent bacteria from growing on foods. There is an old saying “Keep cold foods cold and hot foods hot.” This means that all cold foods should be stored at less than 41°F and all hot foods held at more than 140°F (after proper cooking).

What are two ways of killing bacteria?

Sterilization or bacterial killing is brought about by many methods, such as physical methods, irradiation and chemical agents or disinfectants.

What are the chemical methods of controlling bacteria?

Chemical control refers to the use of disinfectants, antiseptics, antibiotics, and chemotherapeutic antimicrobial chemicals. Sterilization is the process of destroying all living organisms and viruses. Disinfection is the elimination of microorganisms, but not necessarily endospores, from inanimate objects or surfaces.

How do you stop bacteria from growing?

Remember the two-hour rule, and put foods away within two hours of eating. If the temperature outside (or inside) is really warm, put foods away within one hour of eating. Oxygen is needed for bacteria to grow, but some, like the botulinum toxin grow best in climates without oxygen.

How do aldehydes kill bacteria?

Aldehydes kill bacteria mainly by forming protein-protein crosslinks.

What types of products are used to control bacterial growth?

The major groups are disinfectants, antiseptics, and antibiotics. Antibacterials are divided into two broad groups according to their biological effect on microorganisms: bactericidal agents kill bacteria, and bacteriostatic agents slow down or stall bacterial growth.

What can kill a bacteria?

Some examples of disinfectants that can kill bacteria on surfaces include:products that contain alcohol, such as ethanol and isopropyl alcohol.household bleach.products that contain ammonium compounds.

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