Asked By: Colin Rogers Date: created: Mar 02 2022

## How shelf life is calculated

Answered By: Lawrence Cox Date: created: Mar 03 2022

Shelf life is determined by the evaluation of whole stability data of the product.

Minimum data of three batches are used to estimate the shelf life of pharmaceutical products.

If no significant change is found in the accelerated conditions then shelf life would depend upon the long-term storage conditions data..

Asked By: Devin Stewart Date: created: Sep 02 2021

## Does sugar reduce water activity

Answered By: Cyrus Young Date: created: Sep 03 2021

Sugar can be dissolved in water to make a solution. If there is enough sugar in the solution – such as a sugar syrup – it will draw water molecules out of the food cells, effectively lowering the food’s water activity.

Asked By: Angel Lewis Date: created: Nov 01 2021

## How do you calculate water content

Answered By: Luke Phillips Date: created: Nov 03 2021

The amount of water is determined by subtracting the dry weight from the initial weight, and the moisture content is then calculated as the amount of water divided by the dry weight or total weight, depending on the reporting method.

## What is a safe water activity

Answered By: Diego Jackson Date: created: Oct 05 2021

A water activity of 0.80 means the vapor pressure is 80 percent of that of pure water. … Most foods have a water activity above 0.95 and that will provide sufficient moisture to support the growth of bacteria, yeasts, and mold.

Asked By: Carlos Evans Date: created: Mar 20 2022

## What is the difference between water activity and water content

Answered By: Tyler Cook Date: created: Mar 21 2022

Moisture content defines the amount of water in your food and ingredients, but water activity explains how the water in your food will react with microorganisms. The higher the water activity, the faster microorganisms like bacteria, yeast, and mold will be able to grow – resulting in higher standards of food storage.

Asked By: Thomas King Date: created: Mar 26 2022

## Are activity coefficients greater than 1

Answered By: Justin Roberts Date: created: Mar 26 2022

While activity coefficients are one or less for ions in aqueous solution, activity coefficients for some other species, such as dissolved gases, may be greater than one.

Asked By: Anthony Young Date: created: Jun 02 2022

## Which food has the least water activity

Answered By: Miles Jenkins Date: created: Jun 05 2022

The aw at which no microorganisms grow (<0,6) Crackers, dried pasta, dried spices, and flour are examples of foods that can have such a low water activity.

Asked By: Timothy Roberts Date: created: Jun 04 2022

## What is the maximum value of water activity

Answered By: Anthony Brown Date: created: Jun 07 2022

The water activity scale extends from 0 (bone dry) to 1.0 (pure water) but most foods have a water activity level in the range of 0.2 for very dry foods to 0.99 for moist fresh foods. Water activity is in practice usually measured as equilibrium relative humidity (ERH).

Asked By: Samuel Flores Date: created: Jul 09 2022

## How does water activity affect shelf life

Answered By: Aaron Barnes Date: created: Jul 09 2022

Water activity influences deteriorative chemical reaction rates because water acts as a solvent, can be a reactant itself, or can change the mobility of reactants through viscosity. One or a combination of any of these factors can lead to faster deterioration and a shortened product shelf life.

Asked By: Tyler Hayes Date: created: Sep 09 2021

## What foods have a high water activity

Answered By: Neil King Date: created: Sep 09 2021

Most food has a water activity greater than 0.95 which supports the growth of bacteria, yeast and mould….Water Activity of Common Food Products.Foodsawjams, marmalades, jellies0.75-0.80peanut butter0.70dried fruits0.60-0.65dried spices, milk powder0.20-0.6013 more rows

Asked By: Sebastian Hughes Date: created: Nov 13 2021

## What does a water activity meter do

Answered By: Devin Clark Date: created: Nov 14 2021

A water activity test works by placing a sample in a sealed measuring container. When the vapor pressure of the water in the substance and the water in the air reaches equilibrium, the relative humidity of the air surrounding the sample is equal to the water activity of the sample.

Asked By: Cole Henderson Date: created: Jul 25 2021

## What is considered low water activity

Answered By: Eric Morgan Date: created: Jul 26 2021

Products with a water activity of . 85 or lower are considered low-moisture foods (LMFs), but still have the potential to carry pathogens and cause outbreaks.

Asked By: Keith Garcia Date: created: Oct 24 2021

## Can water activity be greater than 1

Answered By: Alfred Foster Date: created: Oct 27 2021

Yes, activity coefficient can be greater than unity when there is a positive deviation from ideal behavior. For the phase separating mixture, the activity coefficient is greater than unity.

Asked By: Blake Perez Date: created: Feb 13 2022

## How do you test water activity

Answered By: Dennis Watson Date: created: Feb 15 2022

Measuring Water Activity Instead, water activity is measured by placing the sample into a closed chamber and equilibrating the liquid-phase water in the sample with the vapor-phase water in the headspace and measuring the relative humidity of the headspace.

Asked By: Juan Kelly Date: created: Jun 27 2021

## How does salt reduce water activity

Answered By: Noah Diaz Date: created: Jun 27 2021

Salt’s ability to decrease water activity is thought to be due to the ability of sodium and chloride ions to associate with water molecules (Fennema, 1996; Potter and Hotchkiss, 1995).

Asked By: Miles Evans Date: created: Jul 24 2021

## How does freezing affect water activity

Answered By: Evan Lopez Date: created: Jul 25 2021

Water activity (Aw) is a useful tool for monitoring product quality and safety for foods in the unfrozen state. Luckily, the frozen state drastically slows down most degradative reactions and hence provides similar controls to water activity in the unfrozen state. …

Asked By: Steven Sanchez Date: created: Jun 06 2022

## Does freezing reduce water activity

Answered By: Owen Richardson Date: created: Jun 06 2022

Heating, freeze drying, freeze concentration, and osmotic concentration methods are used to reduce water activity of foods. … The water activity can also be reduced by using three basic methods, namely dehydration, crystallization, and addition of solutes.

Asked By: Kevin Richardson Date: created: Mar 16 2022

## What is the water activity of pure water

Answered By: Raymond Howard Date: created: Mar 19 2022

Water activity is based on a scale of 0 to 1.0, with pure water having a value of 1.00. It is defined as the vapor pressure of water over a sample divided by the vapor pressure of pure water at the same temperature.

## Does water activity increase over time

Answered By: Keith Robinson Date: created: May 13 2021

Its water activity will increase. However, if the relative humidity of the air is very low the opposite will happen, the product will dry out over time.

Asked By: Jonathan Davis Date: created: Apr 29 2022

## How can water activity be increased

Answered By: Joshua Jackson Date: created: May 02 2022

Some products increase water activity with increasing temperature, others decrease aw with increasing temperature, while most high-moisture foods have negligible change with temperature.

Asked By: Howard Perez Date: created: Jul 29 2022

## How can water activity be reduced

Answered By: Bryan Campbell Date: created: Jul 31 2022

For example, adding sugar or salt to a product can lower its water activity. And adding acid—in the form of vinegar or lemon juice can reduce pH. Reducing the water activity below 0.85 or acidifying a food to reach a pH level of 4.6 or lower will prevent the growth of harmful bacteria.

Professional

### How Do I Know If My GPU Is Working Properly?

Open Windows' Control Panel, click "System and Security" and then click "Device Manager." Open the "Display Adapters" section, double click on the name of your graphics card and then look for whatever information is under "Device status." This area will typically say, "This device is working properly." How do I know if my GPU is failing? Suggested clip · 113 seconds How Do You Know if Your GPU is Failing - YouTube YouTube Start of suggested clip End of suggested clip How do I know if my Nvidia graphics card is working? 0:14 9:19 Suggested clip · 34 seconds Check if Nvidia Graphics card is working or not ! - YouTube YouTube Start of suggested clip End of suggested clip How do you troubleshoot a graphics card? How to troubleshoot video card problems Fix #1: install the latest motherboard chipset drivers.Fix #2: uninstall your old display drivers and then install…

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### Why does my cat bite me when I pet him?

Why does my cat bite me when shes being affectionate?Instead of biting down firmly, cats will gently nip and nibble on a part of their body (most likely the hands or fingers) to communicate. This most frequently occurs when cats feel bonded to their owners. Gentle biting also occurs when kittens play.How do I get my cat to stop biting when petting?Limit your petting to the cats head or the back of its neck, then determine your cats petting threshold, or the number of strokes it will tolerate before becoming aggressive; pay close attention to your cats body language so you can stop petting before the cat bites.Why does my cat bite me when I pet him and he is purring?Its debatable whether this is a "love bite" or "petting aggression," but its thought that if your cat suddenly bites you for no apparent reason, it could be because they…

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Professional

### Quick Answer: Can A Computer Run Without A CPU?

Can a computer turn on without a CPU? It's not a good idea to boot without your CPU, but some motherboards (some Asus) will give you an error message saying "no cpu installed".But, nothing good can come from booting without your cpu.You can try.The CPU is needed to run the computer, but not needed for power to flow. Can a computer run without an operating system? You can, but your computer would stop working because Windows is the operating system, the software that makes it tick and provides a platform for programs, like your web browser, to run on. Without an operating system your laptop is just a box of bits that do not know how to communicate with one another, or you. What will happen if there is no operating system in a computer? Without that, there is nothing left in memory. Still, your computer is not useless, because…

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### Quick Answer: Can You Run A Computer With An External Hard Drive?

There are lots of reasons you might want to boot from a USB device, like an external hard drive or a flash drive, but it's usually so you can run special kinds of software.When you start your computer normally, you're running it with the operating system installed on your internal hard drive — Windows, Linux, etc. Can you run an operating system from an external hard drive? Also, Windows OS may be installed on an external hard drive that connects to servers or other devices that do not have their own operating system. This is mostly seen in industrial, commercial, and computer repair applications, although anyone with an external hard drive and a copy of Windows OS can perform it. Can I boot a laptop from an external hard drive? Although the typical laptop boots from an internal hard drive containing an operating system, there are times when you need…

Guest

Guest

### Quick Answer: Does Ryzen 5 1600 Have Integrated Graphics?

Is Fierce Deity evil? He is the spirit that is assumed to inhabit the Fierce Deity's Mask.There are very few facts truly known about the Fierce Deity....However its dark nature doesn't necessarily mean the Fierce Deity is evil as its dark nature could be due its apparent ferocity.. Does Epona only spawn once? Yes, only after you spawn her once and she despawns. If you accidentally let her despawn before you could register her at a stable, then it's still possible to get her back. I've been in this situation before, where I lost Epona and let her despawn. Who is the goddess Epona? Epona was the goddess of the craft of horse breeding. She ensured the fertility of the breeding stock, nurturing and protecting the mares, stallions and foals. In Rome, on 18 December, a special festival was held in honour of Epona. Her image was decorated with roses.…

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### Question: Is Hardware Useless Without Software?

Hardware is useless without software because the machinery will not and cannot do anything without programming to tell it what to do.Without an operating system, the computer can't do anything.Without other software, like Microsoft Office, you can't type anything or listen to music or watch video or anything. Can hardware work without software? A general purpose computer cannot work without software, that's true. It's hardware has to be configured to do one specific job, and the way we do that is by writing software. But in general, hardware runs without software. Electrical systems, electronic circuitry, mechanical devices like clocks all work just fine.16 May 2018 Can the computer work without software explain? You can, but your computer would stop working because Windows is the operating system, the software that makes it tick and provides a platform for programs, like your web browser, to run on. Without an operating system your…

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### Question: Can A Computer Run Without Software?

Your computer would stop working without an operating system, but there are alternatives to Windows, says Rick Maybury.You can, but your computer would stop working because Windows is the operating system, the software that makes it tick and provides a platform for programs, like your web browser, to run on. Can a computer run without hardware? Most computers require at least a display, hard drive, keyboard, memory, motherboard, processor, power supply, and video card to properly function. If any of these devices are absent or faulty, an error is encountered, or the computer will not start. What will happen if there is no operating system in a computer? Without that, there is nothing left in memory. Still, your computer is not useless, because you can still install an operating system if the computer has external memory (long term), like a CD/DVD or a USB port for a USB flash drive.…

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### Quick Answer: Does Ryzen 7 2700x Have Integrated Graphics?

Ryzen 7 (AMD) - No Integrated Graphics.The AMD Ryzen R7 processor, (models 2700/2700u and 2700X), does not have integrated graphics.That means any graphics ports on the motherboard will not work.31 Jan 2019 Does the Ryzen 2600x have integrated graphics? No unfortunately the 2600x does not have any integrated GPU. The Ryzen models ending with “G” signify that there are integrated Vega cores which FAAAAAAAR outperform the iGPUs from Intel. So tl;dr, no, there is no iGPU in the Ryzen 2600x. Hope this helps.22 Apr 2018 Does Ryzen 7 need a graphics card? Ryzen 7s do NOT have built in video of any kind. Discreet GPU is required.12 Mar 2017 Is the AMD Ryzen 7 2700x good for gaming? Well, AMD has your back. It isn't the best gaming CPU ever, but the Ryzen 7 2700X is the best that AMD has to offer. It is also excellent for \$330. The…

Professor

### Question: Does A Streaming PC Need A GPU?

No Graphics Card: This PC does not need a lot of graphical power.As a matter of fact, you could easily get by without a graphics card and simply choose a CPU with an integrated graphics processor.As long as you don't plan to use this as a secondary gaming rig, you just need graphical power to output to a monitor. Do you need a GPU for streaming? While the CPU is important for the streaming aspect, the GPU required for a streaming build can be very variable depending on personal preference. Games with lower graphics needs (like Dota 2 or Minecraft) can get away with “budget” cards such as a GTX 960 or 1050TI that run in the \$150-\$180 USD range. Does a PC need a GPU? When you don't have a graphics card installed in your PC, it uses the integrated graphics inside the CPU. Integrated graphics is sufficient for…

Professor

### Can Ryzen Run Without GPU?

Yes You can run without an attached graphics card, of course depending that the motherboard has support for internal graphics APU and have some display ports available. Does Ryzen need GPU? Ryzen 7s do NOT have built in video of any kind. Discreet GPU is required. Can I run Ryzen 2600 without GPU? AMD do make CPUs with integrated graphics, but for an equivalent one you need a Ryzen 5 2400G or 2400GE, which includes a Vega 11 GPU inside. No, it doesn't have an integrated GPU, there would be no GPU in the system and thus no way to get video even if the motherboard has hdmi/do. Does AMD Ryzen need GPU? The new Ryzen 5 2400G and Ryzen 3 2200G processors are no different: fully unlocked CPU, GPU, memory, and voltage. Can you run a computer without a GPU? The computer works perfectly fine without a graphics card.…

Professor

### Quick Answer: Can You Use A GPU As A CPU?

Modern GPUs are highly parallel working CPUs, specialized on working on chunks of (graphical) data, like the SIMD extensions in a normal CPU.So every task that can be programmed to run in many parallel threads can benefit from running on a GPU. Is a GPU the same as a CPU? The only similarity they share is they both process information. A CPU (typically referred to as a processor) is the Central Processing Unit. The GPU (or graphics card) is the Graphics Processing Unit. Basically a specialized processor just for graphics. Can GPU work without CPU? That's the graphics processing unit. A better GPU runs games better and the like. However modern CPUs(except some Xeons) come with integrated GPUs so you can run your PC without a dedicated GPU (like a GTX 1060 or RX480). You can run a PC without a dedicated GPU but not without a CPU. Does rendering…

Professor

### Question: How Do I Know If My GPU Is Failing?

How do I know if my graphics card is failing? The Symptoms Computer Crashes. Graphics cards that have gone rogue can cause a PC to crash. Artifacting. When something is going wrong with the graphics card, you may notice this via bizarre visuals onscreen. Loud Fan Sounds. Driver Crashes. Black Screens. Change the Drivers. Cool It Down. Make Sure It's Properly Seated. How do I check if my GPU is working properly? Open Windows' Control Panel, click "System and Security" and then click "Device Manager." Open the "Display Adapters" section, double click on the name of your graphics card and then look for whatever information is under "Device status." This area will typically say, "This device is working properly." What causes GPU failure? What are the most common reasons for GPU cards to fail? Overheating. Which could be caused by intentional overclocking, insufficient ventilation, or something overriding the built-in power…

Professor

### Quick Answer: Does Ryzen 3 2200g Need A GPU?

That means the Ryzen 3 2200G is also a really rather capable basis for a budget gaming PC on its own, sans discrete graphics card, and for a great price.But that's only got Intel's own flimsy graphics tech installed, which is never going to give good game, so absolutely has to have a discrete GPU attached to it. Do you need a graphics card with Ryzen 3 2200g? Four Ryzen CPU cores deliver plenty of processing oomph, and those are paired with eight Radeon Vega compute units that let the Ryzen 3 2200G play PC games even if you don't have a graphics card. The AMD Ryzen 3 2200G earns its title as our top budget gaming CPU, and this deal makes it even more affordable. Does Ryzen 3 need a GPU? Since your CPU has no integrated GPU, and you aren't using a dedicated GPU, this step will not…

User

### Question: Does Ryzen Need A Graphics Card?

These will also not require a separate GPU, while the rest of them will.If you are buying a Ryzen 3 or Ryzen 5 CPU, some of them come with Radeon vegas graphics on the CPU.If you are buying a Ryzen 7 or Thread ripper CPU, you need to buy a separate graphics card. Does Ryzen 3 need a graphics card? Since your CPU has no integrated GPU, and you aren't using a dedicated GPU, this step will not be carried out, and you will get an error(probably through motherboard beeps, if you have a motherboard speaker). Short answer: Yes, you absolutely need a GPU even for booting with that CPU. Can I use Ryzen without GPU? Yes You can run without an attached graphics card, of course depending that the motherboard has support for internal graphics APU and have some display ports available. Do you need a graphics card with…

User

### Does Ryzen 5 2600 Need A GPU?

No, the Ryzen 2600 does not have an integrated GPU.The AMD marketing clearly states that CPU products are just that, while APU products are a CPU + integrated GPU combo.Again, to make a note, Ryzen CPU series do not offer an integrated graphics, but Ryzen APU series have it. Can I use Ryzen 2600 without GPU? AMD do make CPUs with integrated graphics, but for an equivalent one you need a Ryzen 5 2400G or 2400GE, which includes a Vega 11 GPU inside. No, it doesn't have an integrated GPU, there would be no GPU in the system and thus no way to get video even if the motherboard has hdmi/do. Does Ryzen 5 have GPU? The family then bumps up to 6 cores/12 threads at 3.2Ghz with the Ryzen 5 1600, and finally the top processor is the Ryzen 5 1600 X running at 3.6 GHz (nominal, with a…

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User

### Question: Can A Computer Run Without RAM?

If you're referring to a normal PC, no, you can't run it without separate RAM sticks attached, but that's only because the BIOS is designed not to attempt to boot with no RAM installed (which is, in turn, because all modern PC operating systems require RAM to run, especially since x86 machines typically don't allow you Can a computer post without RAM? Yes, this is normal. Without RAM, you cannot get a display. Furthermore, if you don't have a motherboard speaker installed, you will not hear the associated beeps indicating that RAM was not present in the POST. You should get a motherboard speaker; it is an invaluable tool in diagnosing your computer. Can a laptop run without RAM? No, a laptop (or a desktop) will not start without RAM. If RAM is not installed when a laptop (or a desktop) is switched on, nothing would appear on the screen.…

User

### Question: Do You Need GPU To Boot?

Do you need a GPU to boot? Since your CPU has no integrated GPU, and you aren't using a dedicated GPU, this step will not be carried out, and you will get an error(probably through motherboard beeps, if you have a motherboard speaker).Short answer: Yes, you absolutely need a GPU even for booting with that CPU. Will a computer boot without a GPU? Additionally, many PC motherboards will not boot unless you have an integrated or discrete graphics adapter. Now to answer your question a bit better, yes a computer that had its graphics card removed can turn on and it can do it by itself, but it probably will not boot. Can you access BIOS without GPU? Dignified. No, either the CPU has integrated graphics, or there is a graphics chip on the motherboard. Without one or the other you wouldn't get to the BIOS screen. Can I use…